WHAT IS TRAFFIC CALMING?
The term "traffic calming" is defined differently throughout the United States and the world. The Institute of Transportation Engineers, an international education and scientific association of transportation professionals, defines traffic calming as follows:
Traffic calming is the combination of mainly physical measures that reduce the negative effects of motor vehicle use, alter driver behavior and improve conditions for non-motorized street users.
The City of Palm Springs expands this definition to also include consideration of non-physical measures, such as educational programs and enhanced enforcement as described in the Traffic Calming Manual (2002 Ed.).
MULTIPLE PURPOSES FOR TRAFFIC CALMING
The immediate purpose of traffic calming is to reduce the speed and volume of traffic to acceptable levels. Reductions in traffic speed and volume, however, are just means to other ends such as traffic safety and active street life. Traffic calming is undertaken for many different reasons, including:
Reducing through traffic
Reducing truck traffic
Reducing the occurrence of excessive speeding
Reducing noise, vibration and air pollution
Providing safer environment for pedestrians and children
COMMUNITY LIVABILITY THROUGH TRAFFIC CALMING AND COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT
City staff has specific guidelines on the types of devices that are permitted to be used on City streets. Neighborhood input is essential to the success of any traffic calming project. City staff works closely with residents to identify the problems and develop a solution through interactive design solutions.
There are many factors that will be considered when considering any traffic calming solution:
- Accident History
- Speed Zone Surveys
- Traffic Violation Frequency
- Pavement Conditions
- Bike Lane Classification
- Development/Utility Construction